Logo der Universität Wien

Vienna Working Papers on East Asian Economy and Society

Fendler, Karoly (2009), Sŏn'gun: on the Past and Present of North Korea's 'Military First' Policy. Vienna Working Papers on East Asian Economy and Society, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2009

After a short comparison of the "dictatorial" development of the two Koreas since 1945, and their antagonistic socio-political and economic evolution, the author tries to outline how the Pyongyang leadership is using "ideological propositions" and propaganda slogans in order to confirm its power. The Juche idea and its "sequel" in the shape of the Sŏn'gun or "Military first" policy serve domestic and external political goals of the DPRK. The functional history of Sŏn'gun politics shows well the inner situation of North Korea, the fluctuations of political power relations as well as the struggles between party administration and military leadership.


Burghart, Sabine / Frank, Rüdiger (2008), Inter-Korean Cooperation 2000-2008: Commercial and Non-Commercial Transactions and Human Exchanges. Vienna Working Papers on East Asian Economy and Society, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2008

Since the inauguration of President Lee Myung-Bak in 2008 the South Korean government’s policy towards North Korea has shifted from the engagement policies of the Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun Administrations towards a policy conditional on further progress in the denuclearization of the DPR Korea. This paper reviews the development of inter-Korean relations during the last decade and its current status: starting from almost zero, inter-Korean cooperation has produced a trade volume of US$ 8.1 billion, tourism projects with 1.9 million visitors, an industrial zone with more than 30,000 workers and an output of US$ 309.7 million, as well as a rapidly increased number of visitors from both sides.


„Chair of East Asian Economy and Society
Department of East Asian Studies
University of Vienna
AAKH-Campus, Hof 2, Entrance 2.3
Spitalgasse 2
1090 Vienna
University of Vienna | Universitätsring 1 | 1010 Vienna | T +43-1-4277-0